Most people worry about weight gain for two main reasons, their appearance and health. Aside from affecting one’s self-esteem, too much weight will increase the risk of developing conditions such as Type 2 diabetes, cancer, heart disease and others. So, can weight gain affect your menstrual cycle? The simple answer is yes,
body weight can also have an impact on your reproductive health which includes your menstrual cycle. Keep reading to know more.
All women have a menstrual cycle every twenty-eight day or so. During this time, you will go through many emotional and hormonal changes before the blood flow to indicate that you are not pregnant. However, you might not have this experience every month if something interrupts your cycle. For instance, you could realize that your period is late and yet you are not pregnant. This can happen for a number of reasons, but weight gain is the main one.
If you find that you have gained a lot of weight in the recent months, then this could affect the regularity of your period. It is natural for women to have estrogen that will help to make their uterus environment comfortable and favorable for a growing fetus. If you are obese or overweight, your body may develop fat cells which produces estrone, a type of estrogen. These cells will mimic pregnancy to stop ovulation, but the blood will continue to line the wall of your uterine. The blood will build up significantly and cause you to bleed heavier than normal when your period finally arrives.
Your menstrual cycle can get back on track for you to either have a normal period or get pregnant if you lose even five percent of the body fat. This will happen because fewer fat cells secrete fewer hormones, which is one of the main causes of abnormal or irregular periods.
It is also worth mentioning that being overweight could affect your cycle if you are struggling with issues related to PCOS or Polycystic ovary syndrome. The big question would be whether you are gaining weight because of PCOS or whether the PCOS is causing you to become overweight. This is for the simple reason that women who have PCOS seems to be more sensitive to insulin. Once you reduce the number of fat cells which excrete hormones to block ovulation, the seriousness of your irregular periods might be lowered as well.
Menstrual cycle has a delicate balance, hence it’s always good to know that gaining or losing significant amount weight or even excessive exercising can have an impact on your hormone production, especially estrogen. In addition to that, improper hypothalamic functioning can potentially change the length and regularity of your menstrual periods.