Did you know that thyroid gland problems can affect your menstrual cycle? Indeed, you could have abnormal menstruation and other conditions if you have a hyperactive, overactive or an under-active thyroid. Keep reading below to know more.
Thyroid and Menstrual Cycle
The thyroid gland is located inside the neck and it is responsible for creating the hormones which helps with normal functioning of the metabolism. The connection between the menstruation and this gland varies, because it depends on whether your thyroid is working too much, functioning normally or not functioning hard enough. It is highly likely that your menstruation cycle will not be impacted any at all if your thyroid is working or functioning as it should.
If you have an overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism the gland will produce a lot more hormones than your body needs. It is common for girls with overactive thyroid to have menstruation problems as they might start to see their period after age fifteen. Women who have this problem normally have some very light and very irregular periods.
As it pertains to the thyroid and menstruation cycle, excessive amount of the thyroid hormones usually causes women to develop oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea. This condition refers to the total absence of the menstrual cycle. There are actually two different types of amenorrhea. You have one that is known as primary amenorrhea and this when a woman never has a period. The other type is called the secondary amenorrhea and this is when a woman’s cycle starts and then stops. On the other hand, Oligomenorrhea is the condition where women have infrequent periods which could be only 6 to 8 in a whole year.
There is also another problem that you could have due to the connection between your menstruation and thyroid. This is the hypothyroidism condition wherein the thyroid is not producing sufficient hormones that your body needs and this cause your metabolism to slow down. Many young girls with this problem will start to have periods before they reach ten years old. This condition could result in symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, mood swings and depression. The condition also causes heavy periods as well as periods which occur more often than normal.
If you are suffering from menstrual problems which stem from an underactive thyroid, you could develop what is called menorrhagia. This problem can cause you to have much heavier periods which last for longer time periods.
Lastly, dysmenorrhea is another problem that is connected to the thyroid and menstruation cycle. This condition causes very painful periods. If you have this problem, you could have extremely bad cramps as well as pain in your head, back, arms and legs. You could also develop irregular bowel movements.