Reasons for heavy menstrual bleeding

Many women have a problem with heavy and long menstrual bleeding, also called Menorrhagia. Do you think that your period is unusually heavy? If your period lasts for more than one week or you have to change your tampon or pad every one or two hours, you might be experiencing heaving bleeding or menorrhagia. Keep reading if you are worried about this and want to know the reasons for heavy menstrual bleeding.

The following are some of the most common reasons for menorrhagia or heavy menstrual bleeding:

Hormonal imbalance during teenage years or menopause can cause heavy menstrual bleeding.
Menstruation during early age and in late 40s is usually heavy and painful. Women’s hormone levels usually fluctuate during adolescence following the first periods. This usually results in excessive menstrual bleeding in periods. Other than reproductive age extremes, any medications altering the hormone levels can result in irregular menstruation.

Uterine fibroids are also known to cause excessive menstruation. You should know that the fibroids are generally non-cancerous or benign tumors which often form in the uterus during the 30s or 40s. The real cause of these tumors is not clear, but they are dependent on estrogen for their growth and typically disappear after menopause.

Cervical polyps, tiny, fragile finger-like growths of cervical mucosa and bulge through the cervix opening. They are one of the common reasons for heavy menstrual bleeding.

There is no known cause for cervical polyps, but they often result from infection and are usually linked to abnormal reactions to increased amounts of estrogen or congested blood vessels inside the cervix. Cervical polyps mostly affect women over twenty years old.

Endometrial polyps are non-cancerous, growths which protrude from the uterus lining into the uterine cavity. Like the cervical polyps, there is no clear cause for this condition. They are usually associated with excessive amounts of estrogen after hormone treatment or certain types of ovarian growths.

Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection in one or more organs and it affects the cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes. In most cases, PID is a consequence of sexually transmitted disease but it sometimes occurs after an abortion, childbirth or certain gynecological procedures.

Unfortunately, some of the causes or reasons for the heavy bleeding are not known and it could be triggered by something as simple as a deficiency in vitamin K. If left untreated, menorrhagia or heavy bleeding can prevent you from carrying out your daily activities and could result in severe anemia because of the loss of blood.

Knowing the causes or reasons for heavy menstrual bleeding would be the very first step to take in treating the problem. You should see a doctor once you discover that you are having heavy menstrual periods.

If it’s caused by hormonal imbalance, the treatment may involve hormonal therapy. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs might also be given to help lower the blood flow and the intensity of any uterine cramps.

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