Male subjects have issues regarding fertility when they find it hard to impregnate their partners. Even if that is what you and your partner would want to achieve, sometimes it seems so hard to make it happen.
The most potent solution to your problem is to take charge and visit your doctor. If you doubt your capacity to get your partner pregnant, then you can choose from a wide range of sperm testing to find out more about your condition.
Consulting a doctor is just the beginning, in which you can find out which treatment should suit you best. This type of doctor is referred to as a urologist, who would conduct a physical examination, as well as ask questions regarding your lifestyle or medical history.
Such would include the following concerns:
- Medications that you have taken
- Surgeries that you have
- Exercise habits
- Whether you are a smoker or do you take recreational drugs
Take note that the doctor might ask you frankly about your sex life, including the problems you might have encountered or whether you have been diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
The doctor might require you to bring a sample of your semen to have it analyzed further. This would be able to determine the cause of your infertility.
There are various ways to test male infertility, which include the following options.
Semen and Sperm Analysis
Experts trained in this area should check your sperm count, movement, shape, and other characteristics of the sperm. Having a higher number of normal-shaped sperm would mean that you have a higher fertility.
However, there are exceptions to this fact, including one that many male patients who have low sperm count are still fertile. On the other hand, 15% of infertile men indeed have normal semen with lots of normal sperm.
When the first semen analysis has been found out to be normal, you would likely undergo another test in order to confirm the results. A couple of normal tests would usually mean that there are no significant problems of infertility.
If the result indicates unusual patterns, then you might undergo another test so that the problem would be pointed out. For those who don’t exhibit sperm at all would undergo surgery to correct the possible blockage in your reproductive organ.
During this test, the doctor can determine if there are varicoceles. These are vein formations at the top of the testicles with abnormal patterns, which can be corrected surgically.
The making of sperm is under the control of the testosterone and other hormones of the body. However, it was found out that 97% of men tested with infertility were not due to hormonal problems.
This is the type of test that would use high-frequency sound waves in order to provide images inside the body. This process helps your doctor see varicocele or other problems inside the testicles and other structures.
Post Ejaculation Urinalysis
If there is sperm in your urine, this indicates that your sperm travels backward into the bladder. This is called retrograde ejaculation, which should instead be traveling out to your penis during the ejaculation.
When the concentration of sperm is so low, it is an indication that it is genetic in nature. Thus, a blood test is able to show whether there are changes in the Y chromosome, which are signs of genetic abnormality.
This type of test would involve the removal of samples from the testicle via a needle. In the event when sperm production is normal, it indicates that another problem with sperm transport is causing this condition, such as a blockage.
If you undergo a transrectal ultrasound, a tiny lubricated wand will be inserted into your rectum. This process will enable your doctor to examine your prostate and to be able to determine blockages of the tubes carrying semen.
DNA/Genetic Fertility Testing
Potential male fertility problems can be eliminated via semen analysis. This would also help the doctor get a strong baseline for understanding the condition of the person’s fertility.
The problem with this method is that the results are not conclusive enough. In some cases, the sperm is not functioning properly, but it may be there.
Epigenetic Male Fertility Test
This method would evaluate the problem with each gene in your DNA, which gives you more specific information about is going on with your condition.
It also examines the abnormalities in the genes, which also provides with both poor embryo development and male factor infertility.
In some tests, sperm DNA has been found to be broken or damaged, which is a marker for infertility. This was observed in 25% of infertile men with abnormal semen and 5% of infertile men with normal semen analyses.
If you are planning a pregnancy in the future or might have been trying hard to get pregnant, this process is inexpensive and unique sperm detection product to help couples to save money, time, and frustration. Moreover, it can eliminate the expensive and unnecessary testing of the female.
It works similarly to the pregnancy test, as it provides easy-to-read results quickly. This uses colored lines to indicate if there is low or normal sperm count.
Likewise, you don’t have to go to your doctor to get a series of physical examinations. This is because you can do this method without leaving the comfort and privacy of your own home.
When you get 2 lines, it indicates that the sperm count is on the 20 million per milliliter mark, which is considered a normal reading for male fertility levels. However, it doesn’t indicate that the male is fertile, due to other factors that can affect the ability of the male to achieve that.
When the reading is negative, it indicates that the sperm count is less than 20 million per milliliter, which would likely create issues with contraception. Nevertheless, there are cases when men with low sperm count are still fertile enough to become a father.
Take note that sperm count might vary daily, depending on your lifestyle. Thus, you can get positive results if you spend some time before you re-take the test. But, you should consult your doctor after a series of negative readings on the SpermCheck Fertility home testing.
Increasing Sperm Count Naturally
Identifying and treating the condition can help increase sperm count in some cases. However, some lifestyle and dietary changes, such as those mentioned below, could also help increase a man’s sperm count.
- Eating Healthy – This includes having a healthy diet that is rich in vegetables, whole grains, and fresh fruits. It can also help to replace animal fats with monounsaturated oils, such as olive oil.
- Avoid Cigarettes – Cigarette smoking and drug intake would also affect sperm count or might even reduce sexual function.
- Waist Sizes and Testosterone Levels – The correlation between testosterone and waist size affects male fertility. So if the waist is big, the testosterone levels would lower.Men are advised to avoid being overweight as obesity can be related to infertility. Being so skinny can also be a reason for lower sperm count.
Men with body mass index (BMI) over 25 have over 20% chance of being infertile. The ideal BMI should not exceed 25 and not lower than 20.
- Healthy Lifestyle – Exercising regularly and getting enough rest is ideal to achieve the required fertility levels. However, it is not advisable to get too much exercise as it can impair fertility.
- Avoid Overheating or Sexual Lubricants – It is not advisable to use sexual lubricants as it would affect sperm motility. Likewise, it is not recommended to enter steam rooms and use laptops directly on the lap for a period of time.It is also unadvisable to frequent hot baths, as it would overheat the testes. If you aim to achieve the required fertility levels, take this advice seriously.
Over-The-Counter Sperm Test
If you are going to buy sperm test kits over-the-counter, here are things that you are going to acquire:
- Limited clinical value
- Little amount of information provided
- Easy to acquire or take
- Inexpensive method of home testing: $30-$100
If you are diagnosed with azoospermia, the complete absence of sperm, or oligospermia, low sperm count, you should know that tests would further identify the cause of such issues.
For issues of little or no sperm at all, the male semen can be blocked. This can be identified via ultrasound or X-ray tests if there is indeed blockage in the reproductive tract.
Going to the urologist for male fertility testing is the most important way of giving attention to this condition. This is because infertility is a very multifaceted and complex problem.
Moreover, a quick semen analysis can’t provide a complete or clear result. If you really want to have a child, giving information about the cause of the issue to your doctor would be a great help to guide you in getting the best treatment for your case.