Abnormal menstrual cycle, also referred to as abnormal uterine bleeding, is when you have prolonged or heavy periods. It is used as a general term at times when describing bleeding that is not following a normal pattern, including spotting in between periods.
A menstrual cycle last for 28 days on average and a typical woman would lose about 40 ml of blood. Your period can last for 4 to 7 days. If you have an abnormal cycle which can include light or heavy bleeding, too frequent or infrequent periods, painful cramping and missed periods, you could experience bleeding and spotting for one or two days or one week. Your period could last for over 6 months if you have prolonged or chronic heavy bleeding or severe and sudden bleeding. The causes of prolonged or severe inconsistencies might be caused by a number of reasons.
Here are some of the well-known causes of abnormal menstrual cycle:
Hormonal disorders: Your normal menstrual cycle can be disrupted by conditions such as low levels of thyroxine, hyperprolactinemia and polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Ectopic pregnancy: You could have a problem if a fertilized egg lodges inside the fallopian tube and not the uterine lining.
Ovulatory dysfunction: If your ovary is not releasing an egg monthly, your menstrual cycle will become abnormal.
Infection: This can be caused by pelvic inflammatory disease chlamydia or chlamydia.
Abortion: Abnormal menstrual cycle can be caused by induced labor or miscarriage.
Endometriosis: This is a condition where the cells lining the uterus attach and grows elsewhere inside the body, including on the ovarian surface or outside the uterus.
Medications: Some medications such as tricyclic antidepressants and antipsychotic tranquilisers can affect your menstrual cycle. Hormonal contraceptives such as oral contraceptive pills, injections, intrauterine device, intrauterine system devices and hormone replacement therapy can have an effect on your cycle.
Other causes include fibroids, which are benign tumors that can grow inside the uterus; polyps, which are tiny stalk-like projections growing from the uterus lining as well as bleeding disorders such as Von Willebrand’s disease and leukaemia.
In general, an abnormal menstrual cycle or irregular period is a not big problem but at times it can indicate that you have a health complication. The best way to avoid this and encourage a regular menstrual cycle would be to take good care of your mind and body. You should try to keep stress at a minimum, exercise on a regular basis without going overboard and eat healthy moderate meals with a wide variety of organic fruits and vegetables, good fat and protein. Another solution to consider for irregular menstrual cycle would be a natural progesterone cream. Be sure to discuss your condition with your medical doctor.